Nerve damage is an interruption to the nervous system that blocks the communication signals your brain sends your body. The average human body has nearly 10 trillion nerve cells that are all controlled by the brain and passed through the spinal cord. These signals send messages to your muscles telling your body what to do. Nerve damage occurs in the brain, spinal cord, and the peripheral nerves located in the rest of the body. There are over 100 different types of nerve damage and they all have different symptoms and require different treatments. Since nerve damage can seriously slow down or affect the body and one’s life style is important to be proactive and recognize the symptoms of nerve damage.
Nerves are extremely important to the human body because they control our temperature feeling, heart rate, bladder control, digestive system, as well as sexual function and pain. Blood vessels feed the nerves with oxygen and nutrients needed to survive so the body is able to function properly. When blood vessels are contaminated with high levels of glucose; the blood vessel becomes damaged. When these blood vessels are damaged, they can no longer provide the nerves with nutrients which caused the nerve to become battered and possibly perish
There are two main categories the nerve damage. The first category is sensory nerve damage (peripheral neuropathy). This type of nerve damage is usually caused by trauma to the nerve or some type of sickness or disease. Some of the symptoms of sensory nerve damage are numbness, sensitivity, and burning, tingling pain in the body. Sensory nerve damage also causes problems with positional awareness within the body.
The second type of nerve damage is damage to the motor nerves. This type of nerve damage will be the most noticeable. The human brain has upper and lower motor neurons which is where damage occurs. Muscles become atrophied and flaccid when flaccid paralysis happens in the lower motor neuron. Loss of movement, tone and reflex activity’s are few symptoms of flaccid paralysis.
Other signs are muscles twitching, muscle atrophy, and muscle weakness. Autonomic nerve damage may cause an inability to sense chest pains or heart attacks. Other indicators of Autonomic nerve damage are dry eyes, dry mouth; sexual dysfunction, and constipation, dizziness, sweating too much or not sweating at all.